Your assignment is to prepare and submit a paper on physics of collision. Therefore vehicles mainly SUVs, pickup trucks, and vans that are more susceptible to rollover, should be produced with a lower center of gravity and improved suspension with stability control well connected to its anti-lock braking system to minimize the risk of rollover (Dolman, 1989).
A “factor” in the context of collision is a circumstance contributing to the occurrence of an accident and therefore, without this factor, the accident would not have occurred.
Loss of brakes, tire blowouts or tread separation, and steering/suspension failure. Brakes – older drum braking systems fade when hot. Anti Blockier System brakes prevent the wheels from locking up during emergency braking maneuvers. Dual-circuit brake systems have made brake failure unlikely because when one side of the circuit fails, the other side is effective to stop a vehicle. Disc brakes, found in a modern vehicle, are more effective and help to avoid any accidents that could otherwise have occurred (Sera, 2000).
Tires – bias-ply tires are not safer. Radial tires are safer but need attention regularly. Under inflation, is the main cause of tire failure, and this may be a great risk for road accidents. Worn-out tires pose a great risk of road accidents and can also lead to tire failure because of improperly balanced tires.
Steering & Suspension – suspension keeps tires in contact with the road in a stable manner and steering enables the driver to go around road obstructions and shun potential accidents. Steering or suspension system failure is catastrophic, especially at high speeds (Toora, 2000).
Roadway Design – poor roadway design is a major cause of road accidents because did not put into consideration road barriers, utility poles, railroad crossings, and guardrails to their current high level of safety that are key if road carnage has to avoid. Proper guidelines should be provided to road engineers to ensure quality in construction coupled with design flexibility to suit local conditions. Such flexibilities include Hazard Visibility-consist of intersections, school zones, bends, merging lanes, livestock or pedestrian crossings, and crests.