Write a 8 pages paper on interpreting different cultures. Number one, it was after World War II which to a greater extent was seen to have been a war of cultures. Secondly, it was during the cold war which was a continuation of the world war, again an issue of misunderstanding between cultures.
There are many scholars in anthropology who have also tried to understand how different cultures can understand each other and exist in the same environment. Shweder (1984, 89) for instance was an ardent researcher in cultural issues was an advocate for cultural pluralism. As Barnard and Spencer (2009, 58) say, cultural pluralism is a description of how smaller cultures can cohabit within a larger cultural fabric. Shweder specifically studied the multicultural community of Orissa in India and believed that it was possible for cultures to be able to understand each other despite their divergence and particularity. As an advocate of cultural pluralism, he could have easily agreed with Dumont on the fact that divergence in culture does not necessarily mean that cultures cannot maintain unity and harmony while maintaining their uniqueness and diversity1. He saw culture as a way for people to express themselves on personal and community levels and therefore this does not mean that two or more cultures do not have the ability to understand each other. His work also involved cultural wars and recognizes that even as divergent cultures can find a way to achieve harmony, sometimes, based on the nature of certain types of cultural pluralism, it can be hard for these cultures to be in unity. However, his views with regard to cultural pluralism indicate that he would totally agree with Dumont that the unity of culture does not have to be achieved by scarifying diversity
Geertz (1973, 78) on the other hand has written a number of works with regard to culture in the context of anthropology. He subscribes to the idea that each culture develops like a tree.