Write a 15 pages paper on the basic elements and attributes that relate to logic circuits.

Write a 15 pages paper on the basic elements and attributes that relate to logic circuits. According to Rafiquzzaman and Chandra (1988), a logic circuit is a directed acyclic graph which computes a binary function mapping the values of its output from the values of its input variables. Computer systems apply digital logic in their electrical and electronic functions and logic circuits are the basic design models. In the design of logic circuits, digital system architects consider their functional and operational efficiency to ensure optimal efficiency in the final product (Hambley, Kumar, and Kulkarni, 2008). Logic circuits contain gates and transmission wires which carry input digital signals and emit a single output digital signal.

A number system represents quantity by defining a set of values, for example, the number of students in a class. There are two categories of number systems. non-positional and positional number systems.

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The most common positional number system is the decimal number system. others include the binary number system, the octal number system, and the hexadecimal number system (Latif, Ullah, and Jan 2011). Computers use all these number systems and it is, therefore, important to understand their differences, relations, and inherent conversions in the study of logic circuits (Langholz, Kandel and Mott, 1988). For starters, every number system is defined by its base or radix which indicates the number of symbols used in that particular system. the base or radix of each number system is usually indicated by a decimal subscript followed by the number’s value. Table 1 below illustrates the different positional number systems and their representative numbers and characters.

The decimal number system is the most commonly used system by humans and it consists of ten digits from zero to nine which are referred to as the symbols of the decimal system (Latif, Ullah, and Jan 2011). The decimal number system presents digits in a base-ten number meaning that each digit represents a value or units ten times the number to its right.

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