Write 7 pages thesis on the topic spanish fortress and palace alhambra. The origins of Alhambra can be traced to the ninth century, although many of its buildings were completed from the thirteenth to fourteenth centuries.2 In addition, there is no record of the original architect/s of Alhambra. The paper analyzes the structure, function, and form, as well as the cultural, physical, and historical contexts of Alhambra. However, because of its numerous buildings and palaces, not all of them were exhaustively examined.
Alhambra follows the typical construction method. Clay-rich earth was used to build it, as well as wood, ceramic, and plaster. Large defensive buildings like the Alhambra were made through rammed-earth material, wherein extreme methods, fine parts of clay and silt were removed and a mixture of lime and sand materials, plus thick aggregate, was made to create lime concrete, also called tapial construction, a Nasrid construction method.4 Workers pressed lime concrete down to produce a significantly hard and resistant structure.5 Architects Camilla Mileto and Fernando Vegas studied architectural change at the Alhambra by conducting a stratigraphic analysis of the Western Gallery, Court of the Myrtles.6 They observed that the fabric of the walls was plastered and finished with gypsum mortar.7 The finishing is seen as belonging to the first building period because it followed the tapial surface.8 Thus, the form of Alhambra is built through rammed-earth construction that is characteristic of the Nasrid period.
After discussing the structure, the functions of the building are described next. As a whole, Alhambra was established by the Nasrids, an Arab dynasty, as a residence for the rulers and a fortress.9 It was not yet the palace complex as we see today, but more of a citadel to defend the city. .