Write 6 pages with APA style on Railway versus Tank Cars as Transport for Dangerous Cargoes. The perfect example of gas transported by rail is chlorine. This gas is essential for both the public health and major private laboratories. In addition, chlorine is also necessary for purifying water. Due to its importance and its hazardous nature, twenty-two percent of chlorine is transported through railways (Spraggins). It translates to 35000 carloads of chlorine annually.
In addition, the railway system is also used to transport crude oil across the country. Approximately millions of gallons of highly flammable oil are transported by rail to various destinations in the country. Reports and statistics by the American Association of roads in 2009 indicated that there were 9500 railcars that moved across the country in 2008 transporting crude oil (Mark, Seely, & Barrett, 2006). The high number crude of oil transported was as a result of its use in various factories for the manufacturing process. Moreover, in every one million barrel of oil produced in the country 60 percent, which is 600000 barrels, is transported by rail (Federman, 2014). In addition, most motorists in the country use oil on a daily basis to enhance their swift movements across states. With the growing demand for oil Countrywide and its nature, most of its transportation is done through the railway system.
Although the use of the railway system is viewed as one of the safest ways to transport hazardous materials, it causes deadly accidents. These accidents lead to massive loss of lives and destruction of property in various areas. The country has experienced some of these accidents in the recent past that have necessitated the introduction of some stringent rules to reduce them. One of the perfect examples of accidents caused by trains transporting hazardous material is the Lac-Megantic disaster of 2013. This accident was caused by an oil cargo train that was carrying crude oil from North Dakota`s Bakken oil fields. The oil train derailed and exploded resulting in a huge fire. The fire burnt for 36 hours causing massive destruction in the area. According to Federman (2014), forty-seven people were burnt to death, and forty buildings destroyed.