For the last decades, there has been heated debate regarding the safety of the genetically engineered crops. The US has been on the forefront to advocate for genetically engineered crops unlike in Europe where such crops are not accepted or strictly restricted. In other parts of the world, the use of genetically engineered crops has increased rapidly. Crops such as corn, soy, and cotton in the US are entirely produced genetically thus, benefiting farmers, the environment, and consumers. Pest-resistant crops and herbicide-tolerant crops have decreased the application of pesticides and herbicides, which in turn has decreased soil erosion because there is no farm cultivation or tilling. In return, there has been high agricultural production. Taverne argues that organic farming methods wasteland since they use less land. Further, there is no proof that organically produced foods are more nutritious than genetically produced foods.
In addition, organic food encourages biodiversity in the sense that it does not foster the use of intensive herbicides and pesticides that endanger crop species but instead they use no herbicides and apply less pesticide thus increasing the soil organic matter. Singer argues that conventional farming use synthetic fertilizers made from nitrogen, which in turn finds its way into lakes, rivers, and other ecosystems thus affecting water surroundings. Contrary, organic farming does not pollute the ecosystem because farmers use fewer fertilizers and in some cases, they do not use any fertilizers. It is significant to note that organic method of farming enables the soil to store more carbon thus reducing the rate of carbon dioxide emission to the atmosphere.