Write 5 pages thesis on the topic continuity and change in family arrangements in tanzania and the uk. The latest survey carried out in 2006 with about 3000 participants, provides a picture of a changing family landscape, where about 70% of the participants expressed the view that there was nothing wrong with sex before marriage, reflecting a change in attitudes as compared to the Victorian era.
In two salient aspects, however, the report showed that some Victorian notions have persisted over the ages, i.e, adultery is still condemned as strongly as it was years ago and people still believe that alternative family arrangements may not be in the best interests of children (Ward and Carvel, 2008). Economic aspects drive the family situation to a large extent in the U.K., because of the high costs of living and this situation has only been exacerbated in the wake of the recent recessionary trends. More and more young people have begun to move into their parents’ homes after completing their University studies, because of the high cost of rental accommodation and the present high rates of unemployment.
Gill (2007) has shown how adopting an ecological perspective could be helpful to disadvantaged communities and disabled individuals in deriving an innovative approach to tackling their problems. Drawing upon evidence from case studies, Gill (2007) emphasizes that applying an ecological perspective requires a focus on the whole child and the UK Government has instituted many programs and policies to enable the development of the whole child. Some of these include the Every Child Matters criterion, integrated children’s schools where the disabled and minority children work with mainstream children, as well as extended schools catering specifically to the family and learning problems associated with disadvantaged children, which produces concomitant problems like youth offending and child poverty. The child is viewed as a part of various interconnected systems such as family networks, school networks, social networks, and local community networks. hence applying this perspective enables a more accurate assessment of the needs of these children.
Demographics and population play an important role in the political scenario and the framing of public policies in Tanzania. As Yaeger (1982:489) points out, a United Nations report states clearly that the Tanzanian Government had no intention of restricting its population in view of vast areas of land in the country which are still to be inhabited. One of the problems associated with the development of progressive policy for Tanzania’s development is the discordance between its high population growth, which interacts negatively with its modern economic growth rate, this threatening the “physical ecology” in some parts of the country and undermining all efforts to improve economic self-sufficiency for the nation and the well being of the population.