I will pay for the following article Aristotles 3 Chapter 9 of the Politics. The work is to be 6 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page. After the analysis of Aristotle’s discussion and criticism of democratic and oligarchic conception of distributive justice, a critical analysis of Aristotle’s position is given.
Before we look at Aristotle’s discussion and criticisms of democratic and oligarchic conceptions of distributive justice, it is important to first look at Aristotle’s understanding of distributive justice. According to Aristotle, distributive justice refers to equal treatment of people who are equal, and unequally treatment of people who are unequal. This, therefore, means that for there to be distributive justice in a state, people who are unequal should not be treated unequally, for instance, the wealthy people in the state should not be treated equally with the poor people in the state in the distribution of state resources and power. This means that the rich people in the state should be allocated more resources and power because they make more contributions, materially, to the state than the poor people. However, as we shall see in Aristotle’s criticism of the Oligarchy system of governance, Aristotle did not actually believe that the rich people in the society should be given more power than the poor people in the state. In book three Chapter 9, Aristotle offers a new criterion of distributing state power so as to ensure that the main goal of the state is achieved- happiness among the members of the state. This fact, therefore, shows that for a better understanding of Aristotle’s discussions and criticisms of democratic and oligarchic conceptions of distributive justice, it is important to look at Aristotle’s understanding of the end of a state.
Aristotle’s understanding of the end of the goal of a state is perfectly in line with his understanding of the end of all human endeavors. In the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle argued, quite convincingly, that the main aim of all human endeavors is happiness, and that human beings achieve happiness through living virtuous lives. On the state, Aristotle had a similar view. he argued that the aim of the state is happiness for its members, and the happiness in the state is achieved when the members o the state have what he called the virtue of the citizen or political virtue.