Why people make errors when they engage in deductive reasoning

Why people make errors when they engage in deductive reasoning Thank you in advance for the help! Making mistakes in a workplace is quite natural for a fresher as such an individual is not properly efficient in using his rational according to the responsibility that has been assigned to them. However, on several occasion it has also been observed that quite common mistakes, such as interpretation of data, viewing numerical figures, or pushing the wrong button with the perception that they actually are doing the right things, have led to huge disasters, often putting reputation and lives of people working in the organization at the state of jeopardy. Even in daily life also recurrence of such incidents can be observed, and one of the most common examples can be cited in the common tendency of people to forget of collecting their credit or debit cards from cash machines. Reflecting over frequency of occurrence of such incidents and the trouble that customers were facing, the baking organization decided to alter the early models of cash machines and the new system was implemented that ensures delivery of cards prior to delivery of money (Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, June 2001, p. 4). Such forgetful response, in terms of psychological explanation, has been observed as “natural enough … as the main objective of the action had been achieved: obtaining money. The task was thus mentally marked as being complete before all necessary states of the transaction had been carried out” (Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, June 2001, p. 4).

Psychologists are of opinion that commission of such errors occurs mostly during deductive reasoning. Roughly the process of deductive reasoning can be defined as the “reasoning process in which one goes from general to the specific” (Huber, and Snider, p. 40). However, this definition does not cover the entire scope of deductive reasoning as this process also includes a “disjunctive” and “hypothetical” reasoning process. Irrespective of such failure, such definition can be regarded as the essence behind the idea of deductive reasoning (Huber, and Snider, 2006, p. 40).&nbsp.

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