Need help with my writing homework on How And Why Does Federal Communications Commission Go about the Business of Regulating. Write a 3250 word paper answering; The US has always had the policy to allow US individuals and corporations to own radio and television stations. However, in the 1920s, it was realized that the limited broadcast frequencies available would soon be exhausted. The Radio Act of 1927 was passed to define a process of regulation and issuance of licenses to use the available broadcast frequencies. The Federal Radio Commission, the Interstate Commerce Commission, and Postmaster General independently regulated the radio, telegraph, and wire communication and broadcasting in the United States (Annual Report 1). The areas of overlapping jurisdiction between them created confusion and became a hurdle in regulation. FCC was established in 1934 under the Communications Act of 1934 passed by the US Congress to bring uniformity of jurisdiction. Also, FCC was expected to regulate upcoming forms of communication.
The Communication Act of 1934 by the Congress gave the charter to FCC to ensure “without discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex, a rapid, efficient, Nation-wide, and world-wide wire and radio communication service with adequate facilities at reasonable charges, for the purpose of the national defense, for the purpose of promoting the safety of life and property” [47 U.S.C. 151]. The Communication Act empowered FCC to regulate the “radio, television, wire, satellite and cable” (“About the FCC”) in non-governmental communication. Radio communication in government’s use is regulated by another agency, National Telecommunications and Information Administration.
The Act was a successor of the Radio Act of 1927. President Franklin Roosevelt requested a new Act in January 1934 to consolidate legislation for wired and wireless communication. The Radio Act was more commercially inclined and the new Act, when passed in June, gave a public interest face to it. The Act has been criticized for a long time but the fact that it has survived for over 60 years is a testament to its strength to incorporate amendments with the changing face of technology, industry, and consumer choice changes over time.