Sigmund Freud: Dreams.

The focus in this paper is on Sigmund Freud. He has discussed many theories, including sexuality, religion, and gender identity, most of which are considered speculative. He believed that there was great involvement on his patients’ dreams and their mental problems. Freud never anticipated his theories to be correct, but he repeatedly scrutinized the facts to be precise. Freud did not try to foresee his results but he acted on the principal of acceptance. The world accepted the hypothesis of how Freud interpreted dreams. He believed that there was a link between dreams and being awake. For instance, he says, Dreams are successions of images, ideas, emotions and sensations occurring involuntarily in the mind during certain stages of sleep “After looking at a person’s life keenly, these included the secret life wished to succeed. He stated that our dreams are symbolic, and sexual wants influenced our unconscious part of the mind” In early centuries, people could not exclusively define a dream. They thought it was a friendly or traumatizing encounter caused by supernatural or satanic spirits. This issue is currently addressed in psychology and few learned people believe that dreams are individual mental acts. There are many questions on how dreams originate, how they relate to our mental life, the disturbance it causes independently, and how individuals keep these thoughts aside after waking up. Dreams are all forms of wish fulfillment — attempts by the unconscious to resolve a conflict of some sort, whether something recent or something from the recesses of the past. (Freud, 2005, p10). The major question on the meaning of the dream is its psychic importance on the mental process in connection to a biological function, and meaning made from every dream as other mental productions. Many philosophers believe that dreams are mental activities that make individuals feel elevated to an upper position after their discovery. Many agree that dreams have an origin in spiritual settings and that they are external showings that spirits that have been distracted during movement in daytime. Medical writers do not agree with this belief. to their understanding, dreams are caused by external stimuli or interferences of internal organs when a person is asleep. Popularly, dreams are considered to prefigure the truth, mainly by replacing events in the dream with other symbols (Freud, 2005, p 10). “Dream images represent the unconscious wishes or thought disguised through symbolization and other distorting mechanisms” (Freud, 2011, p 56). Freud believed the popular suggestion of dream as superstition, rather than the medical suggestion. He used psychopath in the explanation of dreams. He did this by observing patients who had problems in concentration. When the patient had a problem in concentrating on an issue, he assured him/her that it was normal. Freud told the patients that problems in concentration were unimportant at times and this helped to lessen self-criticism. This helped to replace the criticism with another fresh idea, thus adaptation to mental continuity. (Freud, 2005, p 11) Freud believed relation of ideas from a dream results in many thoughts (Freud, 2005, p12). He believed issues produced by breaking down the dream resulted into more discoveries. He acknowledged that one experiences emotions and intense when thoughts are unfolded at the back of the mind because there is a connection of thoughts which fit and repeat themselves. He later concluded that dream is a replacement of thoughts that are emotional and from mind. Freud asserted that he could not understand how dreams could arise from thoughts but recommended they be treated as mentally important. He proposed that candidly following up of thoughts in a dream led to the reappearance of parts of the dream sensibly. (Freud, 2005, p 12) Freud divided dreams in three groups based on latent and manifest.

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