Self-strengthening movement and hundred days reforms.

The reforms give rise to techniques and military technologies. On the other hand, another reform movement was initiated in 1898 after China was defeated in the Sino-Japanese war.

Self-strengthening movement and Hundred Day’s Reforms have some common similarities and differences based on the objectives, achievements, and targets. Both reforms advocated for the introduction of western education to be introduced in China. Self-Strengthening Movement was more successful because they had foreign language schools, which led to turning foreign languages to Chinese. The reforms enabled Chinese to read and understand foreign languages and there was the western introduction of education missions, which included navigation and study shipbuilding. Approximately, 120 Chinese were sent abroad between 1872 to 1881.

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Although the Hundred Days Reforms emphasized on education, the conservative officials banned it. However, the reformers abolished the conservative officials and turned the content of the examination from classical knowledge of current affairs. Education gave a mixture of both EasteWesternstudies. Just like the Self-Strengthening reforms, Hundred Days Reforms encourage members of the royalty to go abroad on learning trips. The old eight-legged essays were eliminated and students were to take classes on politics, current affairs, and Chinese classical volumes.

The Self-Strengthening Movement was more successful in developing a relationship with foreign powers. In this perspective, it led to the construction of the Zongli Yamen in Beijing with the objective of managing the affairs with powers.

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