a) Discuss the principle characteristics of the International Ship and Port Facility
Security (ISPS) Code applicable to the port. Use examples where appropriate
b) Analyse the challenges of implementing the ISPS Code from a port manager’s
a) Explain the importance of transit operations within a port. Make your case by
providing clear examples for the relevant points discussed.
b) Provide a detailed discussion of the different aspects of port transit operations.
a) Give a detailed explanation of the integrated transport system. Use examples to
show how this is related to the objectives of intermodalism.
b) Explain the main challenges facing stakeholders in attaining an integrated
transport system, using relevant examples.
c) Identify and discuss facilitators of an integrated transport system.
a) Identify the key provisions of the International Maritime Dangerous (IMGs) code for
transporting/handling of dangerous goods.
b) Name any five of the IMG classes of dangerous goods, and discuss why each of
these fives classifications are important for ports and intermodal operations.
a) Evaluate the main factors that influence the decision to privatise ports. Use
examples to support your argument
b) Compare and contrast the features of corporatisation and landlord models of
privatisation. Use examples of ports to clarify your answer.