. For example, in a war the major causalities were the soldiers and not the civilian population of a region. These wars and confrontation were basically aimed at achieving political, religious or ethnic superiority and control. But as societies developed, conflict settlement became more civilized or humane in the form of democracy. Wars were settled through diplomacy rather than on the battlefield. But modern society faces a new threat in the form of terrorism whereby innocent people are targeted in order to create chaos and unrest with the ultimate aim of achieving some political or religious goal. Acts of terrorism usually inflicts some form of physical toll like death or injury on the part of the perpetuators. But other forms have evolved whereby a society (of innocent people) can be targeted to create fear, unease and chaos with minimal risk to those indulging in acts of terrorism. One of them is bioterrorism, where toxic bacteria are purposely exposed to the civilian population. This paper looks on the concept of bioterrorism with regard to the 2001 postal anthrax attack in the United States. The focus will be on the psychological and social impact of such impacts on the civilian population in the country.
As can be seen from the introduction, act of terrorism has now become a fact of life in many regions. Terrorism in any form has both psychological and sociological impact of individuals and the society at large. The term has grown in importance and relevance over the years that more than hundred definitions are given to describe terrorism (Schmid & Jongman, 2005, 1). But many authors still find that a proper definition is not possible. The problem it seems is with justification of the acts or terrorism. The group that perpetuates sees it as “creation of a new and better society” (Hoffman, 2006, 4). But others, especially those at the receiving end may not view it in the same way.