Provide a 8 pages analysis while answering the following question: Comparative Immigration Policy: Japan and Canada. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Over the past 30 years, especially since the fall of the Soviet Union and the conflicts that followed in former Soviet states, debate on immigration has increasingly become a center-piece of many countries’ policies, especially as the number of refugees and asylum seekers increased. These asylum seekers are mainly people filing applications for refugee status in countries other than their country of origin. Allport and Ferguson (2013: p33) define immigration policy as any policy pursued by a nation-state to deal with or control the transit of people, particularly those who want to stay and work in these countries, across the country’s borders. Policies on immigration may range from free migration that allows most forms of immigration to proceed to those that forbid any immigration at all. Immigration policy is usually implemented through immigration laws, which are meant to control immigration and vary from state to state (Allport & Ferguson, 2013: p33). The method used for this report is the most similar systems design (MSSD), which involves a comparison of similar cases that differ in regards to their dependent variable, in this case, immigration policy. The hypothesis for the study is that differences in political, economic, and national security concerns make Japan’s immigration policy stricter than Canada’s.
Allport and Ferguson (2013: p14) note that there has been a surge in global migration over the past four decades, writing that whereas only 2.2% of the world’s population in 1970 was made up of migrants, the figure increased to 3.2% in 2010. While economic factors were the main determinant influencing immigration in the past, and still remains one of the major reasons for immigration today, other factors have arisen in the last few decades, including individuals looking for political asylum. Immigration for family reasons has also become a major factor influencing immigration levels, of which at least 70% of immigrants in Europe have moved for family-related reasons (Allport & Ferguson, 2013: p15).