Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: Reductive and Non-reductive Naturalisms. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. In fact, a couple of philosophers have equaled naturalism to materialism, like Paul Kurtz. Paul stated that material principles like mass, energy other properties, both chemical and physical are the best shot to account for or explain nature (Jordan, 2013). He further argued that in naturalism, spirits, deities, and even ghosts are absolutely unreal and that there is purpose in nature.
In contrast, explaining naturalism from a methodological perspective, naturalism is assumed in working methods, without the consideration that it has an absolute truth, which has philosophical entailments. The most important aspect here is the philosophy of knowledge acquisition. Philosophy, as it has been vastly held, involved a distinctive method and is capable of achieving knowledge that is different from that achieved by the special sciences, for much of the history philosophy. For this reason, the position of the original philosophy can be said to have been occupied by metaphysics and epistemology, creating a platform for the comprehension of reality and by this, the claims of knowledge are justified. Naturalism seeks to demonstrate that problems that are associated with philosophy are ill-constructed and can be solved by means of naturalism appropriately. whether those problems come from epistemology, ethics, philosophy of language, philosophy of the mind, or any other areas. More often than, naturalism assigns important tasks to the methods and the findings of the empirical sciences and aspires to reductionism and physicalism.
In brevity, reductionism can be said to be several philosophical stances as far as the connections between phenomena, theories, and the like, by reducing one theory or phenomena to another to make it simpler or more basic.
This section will seek to explain the meaning of reductionism in ethics. Therefore, reductionism is a doctrine in metaethics. where it is not just facts that concern our moral obligations or what things in life are worth going after, but in addition to other things, questions about nature (Jordan, 2013).