Provide a 6 pages analysis while answering the following question: Oil Spill in The Gulf of Mexico. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. The present research has identified that technologies were developed for ‘offshore drilling’ and soon it became a major contributor to the overall mineral oil production in the world.
‘Deep Sea Horizon’ is one such offshore drilling facility that drilled oil from a deep-sea well in the Gulf of Mexico. On 20th April 2010, an explosion occurred on the drill rig and the rig caught fire. As much as 11 workers were killed and 17 injured in the incident and the rig was entirely destroyed but this was just the beginning of the catastrophe that has been unleashed. The destruction of the oil rig uncapped a large hole in the seabed and oil gushed out of it a rate of more than 50,000 barrels per day. The oil companies and government authorities tried to contain the oil flow and limit it to a certain area so that damage to the coastline and fisheries and estuaries can be avoided. However, the flow of oil was so enormous (4.5 million barrels approx.) that the efforts could not prevent the anticipated widespread damage to the marine life, tourism, and seafood industry. Huge quantities of oil got mixed with the seawater after the incident changing the composition of the water and turning it into chocolate brown in color. US Government shut down a total area of 46000 square miles for fishing in the gulf. Much of the oil formed a one-foot-thick layer above the surface of water however experts believe that the seabed will also be drastically affected by the oil spill.