Need an research paper on maritime security across asia pacific region: threats and challenges. Needs to be 6 pages. Please no plagiarism. Terrorists have invented new ways of entering into the restricted areas which can be seen in the Mumbai terror attacks where the terrorists landed via sea. The IMB recently reported that there were 293 incidents of piracy against ships during the year 2008 which is 11% higher as compared to 263 incidents in 2007. The Gulf of Aden and East Coast of Somalia are hotspots for piracy wherein 63 incidents of piracy attacks which account for one-third of total attacks in the year 2008. A recent attack was carried out by Somali pirates hijacking Indian ship which took place on the coast of Somalia3 and by the end of March 2009, 15 such attacks on vessels compared to zero and two attempted attacks occurred during January and February respectively.4 As per the worldwide report of a threat to shipping released by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Maritime Safety, five attacks were reported across West Africa, thirty-four on the Indian Ocean – East Africa Coast, and three incidents were reported on Southeast Asia. The Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean are the prominent destinations for the attackers with almost 11 and 19 incidents taking place around this region.
The governments of different nations need to formulate security measures and multilateral policies to defend and curtail maritime attacks. It is necessary to identify the threats in and around the Asia Pacific Region and to formulate security measures to tackle the problem.
One third6 of the globe is covered with water and is the means of transportation for some 50,000 large ships and nearly 80% of the cargo trades are carried out through this mode of transport. Ironically, a major portion of the water body is not under surveillance and barely policed. There are various types of piracy such as attacks against vessels at sea for robbery, hijacking, and kidnap for ransom.7 It is believed that small islands and rocks are the ideal hiding places for these pirates who attack the vessels and take it into hostage till their demand is fulfilled.