Need an research paper on childrens moral reasoning about gender and race-based peer exclusion. Needs to be 9 pages. Please no plagiarism. If children perceive exclusion as morally wrong, they are likely to avoid exercising it, while in case they perceive it as right, it reduces their chances of exercising exclusion. Further, various elements determine the context under which children engage in certain groupings. The most significant of these factors include the social status of the children, gender, race, age, and ethnicity. These are the very variables that have the biggest weight in determining the exclusion or inclusion of children in various groups. Researchers focus on these contexts in order to establish the role of exclusion and participation variables of children in the various groups. While discussing children’s moral reasoning of inclusion or exclusion, this essay will focus on the two most important variables, gender, and race-based peer exclusion.
According to Levesque (2011), social exclusion, a widely spread aspect of social life, often happens in everyday activities that children engage in. commonly practised forms of exclusions among children to their peers include exclusion from engaging in birthday parties, exclusion from sports and games teams, and exclusion from joining social organizations such as schools, churches and hotels. In large scale, exclusions take the form of “social tragedies such as religious and ethnic related exclusion”, which in most cases lead to genocide and increased tensions between the affected groups. As Feigenberg et al. (2008) argue, whenever exclusion happens among individual children, it increases the levels of conflict and tension of the affected child. In extreme cases, the affected child may suffer from stress and stress-related complications such as ulcers and low self-esteem. Therefore, preventing such exclusion among the children would solve numerous problems facing children in society. Various studies relating to exclusions among peers have mainly focused on the inter-individual exclusion rather than inter-group exclusion in a child’s world.
Further, peer rejection and victimization, as Feigenberg et al. (2008) observe, significantly affect the character of the victim, who may become violent and suicidal. This is a result of lack of social competence of the child, facilitated by self-hatred and the desire to show the world their ability. Other effects of exclusion include wariness of the individual, shyness, and fearfulness whenever in the midst of people (Cooley, et al., 2012).