Maglie Company manufactures two video game consoles: handheld and home. The handheld consoles are smaller and less expensive than the home consoles. The company only recently began producing the home model. Since the introduction of the new product, profits have been steadily declining. Management believes that the accounting system is not accurately allocating costs to products, particularly because sales of the new product have been increasing.
Management has asked you to investigate the cost allocation problem. You find that manufacturing overhead is currently assigned to products based on their direct labor costs. For your investigation, you have data from last year. Manufacturing overhead was $1,408,000 based on production of 310,000 handheld consoles and 106,000 home consoles. Direct labor and direct materials costs were as follows:
HandheldHomeTotalDirect labor$1,382,000 $378,000 $1,760,000 Materials 710,000 707,000 1,417,000
Management has determined that overhead costs are caused by three cost drivers. These drivers and their costs for last year are as follows:
Activity Level Cost DriverCosts AssignedHandheldHomeTotalNumber of production runs$660,000 451055Quality tests performed 580,000 121729Shipping orders processed 168,000 9050140Total overhead$1,408,000
a. How much overhead will be assigned to each product if these three cost drivers are used to allocate overhead? What is the total cost per unit produced for each product?
b. How much overhead will be assigned to each product if direct labor cost is used to allocate overhead? What is the total cost per unit produced for each product? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round “Total cost per unit” to 2 decimal places.)