The institutions that the US government has created to protect the rights of both the employer and employee include the United States Department of Labor, the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the Department of Homeland Security, and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The legal, safety, and regulatory requirements are implemented to ensure equality and fairness in organizations.
Human resource processes that comply with the legal, safety, and regulatory requirements ensure protection of rights of both parties in the employment contract. The employer and employee form a binding relationship once they sign an employment contract. Both the employer and employee are guaranteed some rights and obligations during the contract period. a contract of employment describes the terms of employment that affect both parties (Briscoe, Schuler & Claus, 2009). The necessity to protect themselves against the implications of non-adherence to contract terms requires implementation of external forms of protection. Legal, safety and regulatory frameworks prevent chances of unfair treatment by either party during the employment contract execution.
Observing safety standards creates a safe workplace without threats risks of illnesses and injury of harassments. The organization, therefore, is able to protect its valuable assets, which comprise of human resources. The current workplace in the US is standardized and promoted by three critical workplace regulations: the state level compensation laws, and Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and OSHA that operate at the Federal level. The Department of Homeland Security focuses on protection of employees from both external and internal aggression. Laura (2010) argues that employee security has gained much interest in the recent past because of increased violence at workplaces.