Provide a 13 pages analysis while answering the following question: Integrated Technology Systems. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. This paper also provides a summary of the typical sensors for measurement of rainfall. These sensors are compared with the latest developments in rainfall measurement sensor technology such as Vaisala RAINCAP, the optical sensor, remote sensing and satellite technology including a discussion on the key drivers supporting the development and uptake of the newer sensors.
A sensor can be defined as electronic equipment that measures the physical quantity and converts the same into a signal which can read easily by a technician or operator of machine or equipment. In this regard, a sensor is an equipment that responds to an input quantity by generating an equivalent optical or electrical output signal. It is therefore important to note that a sensor sensitivity is measured in terms of how much its output signal changes when the measured quantity changes. For example, when a mercury thermometer moves by one centimeter when there is increase or decrease in temperature by 10C, then the sensitivity is 1cm/0C. Sensors that measure very small changes in the physical quantities are therefore very sensitive and vice versa. This is referred to as sensor resolution and it is the smallest change that a sensor can detect in the change in the physical quantity that it measuring.
Sensor resolution has formed the basis for technological advancements and more sensors are being manufactured with respect to improving their sensitivity. According to Sinclair, sensors should be designed to have the very little effect on what they are designed to measure since this has the effect on their resolution. He also stated that sensor resolution can be improved by making sensor smaller. In this regard, technological advancement has made it easier for design and manufacture of microsensors using Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology.