Hi, need to submit a 1500 words paper on the topic Reducing Bullying in Schools. This essay aims at examining how and to what extent bullying can be reduced in schools.
The behaviour can include spreading of rumours, verbal abuse, face-to-face attacks, calculated and sustained exclusions, and the utilisation of technology to cause harm to someone (Rigby, 2011).
Bullying has many definitions according to different kinds of literature but all the authors agree on several keys that features in bullying, which is as discussed. Firstly, bullying is usually deliberate and is done with the intention to cause harm. Take the example of two friends teasing one another for fun. This is not bullying but if one intends to make the other upset, then the act is considered as bullying. Secondly, bullying causes a harmful result either physically or emotionally. Thirdly, bullying can involve direct acts such as physically kicking someone or indirect acts like spreading rumours. Fourthly, bullying is repetitive and persistent. It concerns repeated acts for example. recurring aggressive behaviours towards a student are considered as bullying but do not include isolated acts like a single fight. Lastly, there is an imbalance of power in bullying where the perpetrator usually possesses an advantage against the victim either due to age or due to physical strength (Department for Education, 2012).
In order to strategize and come up with effective methods of reducing bullying, relevant information on the types of bullying can assist in figuring out the best methods to address various types of bullying. Bullying can be either violent or non-violent. There are several types of behaviours that are considered bullying. The most obvious type of bullying is physical. It involves direct means or tangible ways of hurting other individuals. This can be seen when a student repeatedly beats another student and causes physical harm. Verbal bullying involves the use of indirect means such as name-calling to cause deliberate humiliation to another student, which results to emotionally suffering for the victim. Other ways of carrying out verbal bullying are spreading rumours and abusing the victim (James, 2010).