The 10 ethical theories highlight certain behaviors and personality characteristics which should help to assist in guiding rational, wise and socially-proper decision-making. Ethics also start with generosity (Chodron, 1993). In some respects, these guiding ethical principles represent basic human values such as integrity, honesty, loyalty, and fairness. Should a person only use one in life? That would be impractical in today’s society where complex social interaction occurs often and, in professional environments, unique scenarios with clients and customers occur. From this point of view, integrity and honesty would go hand-in-hand both in social relationships (if a person wants a healthy one) and in the professional or office environment. Relying on the virtues of only a single moral and ethical principle such as fairness while forgetting other aspects of moral living, such as being truthful in the local community, can lead to poor community relationships. If the community perceives you as dishonest, they will likely forget about your abundance of fairness.
Some might disagree and, out of their own perceptions about the importance of social loyalty, defend the person who only values fairness and say that this single virtue makes the person an upstanding moral citizen. In this situation, it might be that the person who is arguing in favor of the one-sided philosopher who, themselves, hold strongly onto one social value such as loyalty. Having a one-sided philosophy of living with only one concept of importance might create a distorted view of right and wrong.
Others might also argue against the dangers of having a one-sided philosophy, such as clinging to fairness above all other of the 10 ethical principles, gives a person focus and a goal to achieve personal excellence. TThis argument might offer that too much ethical thinking on too many concepts might create cognitive overload and create long-term effects like depression or anxiety. .