Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: Environmental Racism: Why It Is Hard to Seek Redress Cases of Environmental Racism. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. What has brought about the debate is whether the siting of the undesirable land uses is intentional or not. Some people argue that there must be intentional discrimination in regard to the environmental issues for the act to be considered environmental racism. Some groups, on the other hand, argue that what is required for an act to constitute environmental racism is just the mere placement or existence of environmental hazards and unfavorable environmental conditions near the minority communities. In addition, this second group argues that it does not matter whether the placement is intentional or not since the outcome is all the same as the minority will still suffer.
The opposite of environmental racism is popularly referred to as environmental equality. Environmental equality, on the other hand, refers to the equal protection or enforcement of environmental laws across all the groups. Environmental justice requires that everyone gets access to a safe and clean neighborhood. This is what the minority is denied when there is environmental racism, whether intentional or not (Cole and Foster 54).
Over the years, the maldistribution of environmental hazards has received a lot of attention from various quarters and groups. A number of studies have shown that minority and low-income communities are inappropriately affected by environmental hazards. Such studies have become the basis of the rallying cry of several civic groups in the US and in different other countries in the world. In response to the growing opposition to the maldistribution of environmental hazards, laws have sometimes been passed to respond to the situations (Cole and Foster 53). An example is Executive Order 12898 that was passed in the United States of America that required all the federal agencies to consider the implications of their activities on the distribution of environmental impacts on the populations.
In some cases, environmental racism is quite clear and can be easily seen.