critically evaluate the theories that have been advanced to explain fear of crime. Needs to be plagiarism free! ime is a psychological issue and therefore its treatment cannot be as simple as straight forward medication to get rid of the sensation unfortunately and may involve several treatment approaches depending on the source of the fear. Though medication may still be described to such individuals to calm their nerves it will not wholly get rid of the problem and will only help them relax for a little while. These treatments may be determined by professionals who deal with the functions of the mind and relating factors (Furedi, 2006).
To properly understand the concept of Fear of crime and how it operates in an individual’s mindset, it is essential for one to determine the differences between actual and perceived levels of crime (Brunton-Smith & Sturgis, 2011). Actual levels of crime refer to reality with regard to the crime rate that is present in a region and is determined by comprehensive studies that have been undertaken by the relevant authorities such as the law enforcement agencies and other related branches. These agencies study the number of crimes that have taken place over a particular period to establish the level of crime that is taking place in the area at the moment (Stafford, Chandola & Marmot, 2007). Using this information, they are able to determine various factors such as whether the crime rate has been on the increase or vice versa by comparing the results of their studies to previous ones.
Perceived levels of crime on the other hand refer to the crime rate that an individual believes exists in the region. As shown by the name, these levels are only perceptions of the individual and are not necessarily true. As a matter of fact, these perceptions are usually way off the base of the true value and are exaggerated by the individual’s own fear of becoming a victim (Jackson & Stafford, 2009).