Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses the uniqueness of the manas wildlife sanctuary and its region. On a gentle slope in the foothills of the Himalayas, where wooded hills give way to grasslands and tropical forests, the Manas sanctuary is home to a great variety of wildlife and plants, including many endangered species, such as the tiger, the pygmy hog, and the Indian rhinoceros and elephant. The Sanctuary lies in the districts of Barpeta and Kokrajhar, 41km north of the Barpeta Township. It spans the Manas River and is bounded to the North by the international border of Bhutan, to the south by the populated regions of North Kamrup, and to the east and west by forest reserves.
India occupies only 2.4% of the world’s land area but its contribution to the world’s biodiversity is approximately 8% of the total number of species (Khoshoo, 1996), which is estimated to be 1.75 million (As per Global Biodiversity Assessment of UNEP of 1995, described number of species so far is 1.75 million). Of these, 126 188 have been described in India. The species recorded include flowering plants (angiosperms), mammals, fish, birds, reptiles, and amphibians, constitute 17.3% of the total whereas nearly 60% of India’s bio-wealth is contributed by fungi and insects (Khoshoo, 1996). Such a distribution is similar to that found in the tropics and the subtropics.
Biogeographically, India is situated in three realms namely afro-tropical, Indo-Malayan and Paleo-Arctic realms, and therefore, has characteristic elements from each of them. This assemblage of three distinct realms probably is a fact which is believed to partly account for its rich and unique in biological diversity. Based on the available data, India ranks tenth in the world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity and ranks tenth in the number of endemic species of higher vertebrates in the world (Khoshoo, 1996).
The Manas sanctuary is essentially a wilderness zone and forms the core of the tiger reserve. The rest of the tiger reserve is classified as a reserve forest. Normal forestry operations were carried out in the core area prior to its designation as a sanctuary. however, these were confined mostly to the southern belt (Anon, 1974). .