Compose a 4750 words assignment on is the theory of cultural evolution inherently ethnocentric. Needs to be plagiarism free! However, Mesoudi argues that none of these approaches were close to evolution as Darwin or modern biologists would identify.1In the 20th century, Friedrich A. von Hayek proposed a theory of cultural evolution2often regarded as one of the most significant social theories in the twentieth century.3 However, there is a severe criticism of cultural evolutionary approaches. Main points of objection include: theory turned out to be heavily ethnocentric due to the generalizations and judgments about different societies, and its consideration of western society as the ultimate. the assumption that all cultures follow same stages of progress and hold same goals. material culture as a standard of civilization. and it equated survival as a measure of fitness and superiority which regard to the inherent misunderstanding of evolutionary theory. This research paper examines whether the theory of cultural evolution is inherently ethnocentric, and concludes that evolutionary theory is severely infected with ethnocentrism due to political and social agendas of the time it emerged in, however, we didn’t find ethnocentrism to be its inherent attribute.
Over the past three centuries, human population and its standards of living have improved unprecedentedly as a result of the gradual evolution of rules of behavior and some other institutions.4 “Culture is information capable of affecting individuals’ behavior that they acquire from other members of their species through teaching, imitation, and other forms of social transmission.”5 Here, the ‘information’ refers to any kind of mental state, whether conscious or otherwise, that humans acquired or adapted by social learning, and that influenced their behaviour.6
Ethnocentrism is often defined as, “the feeling that one’s group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior.