Complete 7 pages APA formatted article: Animation principle, cognitive, instructional design, learning theory. o present information, texts and words using photographs, animations and videos are known to improve the learning and understanding very effectively especially to children (Sorden,2005). The presentation of information using animation requires instructional messages involving words and pictures with aim to enhance learning to listeners. This study seeks to find out how effective exaggeration as type of animation improves the learning process (cognitive) to children using the instruction design.
The word animation means to give life to something by making it moveable. Animation improves the graphics in terms of the dimensions of time, which tremendously increase the potential of transmitting the desired information (Ariel, 2012).
Before the concept of animation came to existence, there were books and strips in newspapers. People could read a story with images depicting the characters and the actions taking place with the purpose of entertaining themselves. The structure of comics transformed into moving pictures or animation during the comic book era to bring characters to life. The advancement in technology has resulted to very complex animations including 3D for graphics animation systems.
In deciding the type of animations, designers should consider certain principles such as gestures and facial expressions of characters to add emphasis to the story. The identification of these elements is important since they are used to ensure relevance of the information throughout the story (McCloud, 1994). Some gestures and expressions can be interpreted differently depending on the cultural background of the audience while others are universally recognized. The way in which information is retained by people has a lot to do with their memory. Before viewers can learn any new information, it is important th