Berkshire Hathaway’s Investment Strategy
Berkshire Hathaway Inc. has almost a “personality cult” organizational culture which essentially revolves around one man and his investing prowess. The man’s name is Warren Buffett, the “Oracle of Omaha.” Historically, Berkshire Hathaway’s business model has been to purchase insurance companies. One great thing about insurance companies is the “cash float,” which works as follows. Suppose that a person purchases a $100,000 whole life insurance policy from Berkshire Hathaway and pays premiums of $4,000 per year to Berkshire for this policy. The Berkshire Hathaway company is obligated to pay the $100,000 death benefit when the person dies; in the meantime it gets to invest the $4,000 per year “float.” Warren Buffett, who has been a very savvy investor, has made a huge fortune from investing this float money. But recently, Berkshire Hathaway has been moving away from purchasing insurance companies with large floats and has been buying major industrial businesses instead. In 2010, for example, it completed a $44 billion purchase of one of the nation’s largest railroads, Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF). Berkshire paid for this acquisition with $15.8 billion in cash it had on hand, and the remainder in Berkshire Hathaway stock. Mr. Buffett, who was born in 1930, is now well beyond the age when most workers retire.
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