Cardiovascular Disease

 Essentials (2 critiques)Communicable and/or non-communicable infectious diseases: (2 critiques). Another article that sensitizes on Cardiovascular Disease is an article by the National Academy on an Aging Society, titled: Heart Disease. A disabling yet preventable condition (National Academy on an Aging Society, 2012). According to the article. about 18 million people have heart diseases and majority of which are elderly. The article also discusses on the various health styles that can reduce the risk of heart.

Several drugs have been recommended that can prevent and cure the Cardiovascular Disease. This includes: antihypertensive drugs, lipid lowering drugs, hypoglycemic drugs, coronary revascularization, and carotid endarterectomy (World Health Organization, 2012).

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Antihypertensive drugs help to lower the blood pressure of a patients with established CVD and particularly with blood pressure level that is above 140/90 mmHg. If the blood pressure level remains high, to reduce risk of recurrent vascular events, treatment with thiazide diuretic is recommended.

Lipid Lowering Drugs such as statins are also recommended for patients with established CVD. This treatment should be continued for a long time and probably for lifelong. The main desirable goals is to establish a lower absolute risk level with a total cholesterol of less than 4.0 mmol/l (152 mg/dl) and less than 2.0 mmol/l (77 mg/dl), of LDL-cholesterol.

Hypoglycemic drugs are the secondary intervention mode of treatment of CVD. The drugs are mostly important to patients with either type 1 or type 2 of diabetes. Insulin or metformin should be given to patients with persistent fasting blood glucose greater than 6 mmol/l.

Coronary revascularization is a surgery procedure that can be considered to patients who may have triple vessel disease. Carotid Endarterectomy is also another treatment used to reduce occurrence of stroke to patients with ipsilateral carotid stenosis (70-98%). However, some drugs are not recommended for patients with CVD.

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