Legislative authority is restored in the chambers of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Judiciary which includes the Supreme Court and the federal courts is vested with the judicial power. Their job includes interpreting the constitution of the US and federal laws and regulations. This comprises of settling disputes between the legislative and the executive branches of the government. The federal government was created by the constitution. The most distinctive feature of the US politics is the Senate powers as the upper house of the legislative branch, large scope of the Supreme Court power and the separation of powers between the executive and the legislature as well as the of two major political parties.
The British political system, on the other hand, takes a different shape. It takes the framework of a constitutional monarchy, where the head of the state is the Monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, who is also the nominal source of judicial, executive and the legislative authority in England while the Prime Minister is the government head. The British government is vested with the most executive powers while the legislative power is exercised by both the government and the two parliament chambers which comprises of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. There is the independence of the judiciary from the other arms of the government despite some judge being members of the House of the Lords, the highest court of the United Kingdom. Britain is a multi-party state since the year 1920 with two biggest political parties. the Conservative Party and the Labour party. Mainly the parliamentary politics have been dictated by coalitions and minority governments. The Prime minister is vested with the powers of appointing the ministers who create the government and performs as political heads of different government sections. .