Behaviouralism as valuable approach to the of politics

 Derived from “polis”—a Greek word—which refers to the city-state, politics is identified in terms of the state or government and denotes power. Thus, politics deals with both the state and power. On the other hand, Political Science deals with the power that is customarily the legitimate power (National Institute of Open Schooling n.d.).

Politics and the state have been traditionally associated with each other—a fact that differentiates politics from other social sciences, for instance, sociology and economics. consequently, subfields of politics—political sociology and political economy, for instance (Garner 2009). On the other hand, Political Science deals with those aspects of individuals in society which relate to their activities and organizations devoted to seeking of power, resolution of conflicts and all these, within an overall framework of the rule and law as laid down by the state (National Institute of Open Schooling n.d.).

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The systematic study of politics was started by Greeks philosophers in the 4th century BC. Aristotle referred to politics as a “master science” that encompasses not only the state or government but also of families, properties and other social institutions. On the contrary, the ancient Romans take into account the legal aspect of politics more crucial for their power which eventually leads political science to become a part and was subordinated by the religious order of the Church during the Middle Ages. A German philosopher of the 19th century named Karl Marx introduced the Marxist approach which observes politics as a study of two conflicting social classes—the rich and the poor or the exploiters and the exploited. However, the Marxist approach has another view—the liberal view—which considered politics as an endeavor for resolution and adaptation to result in rule of order and justice. Moreover, in the 20th century when the Second World War was over—most&nbsp.

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