INSTRUCTIONS TO STUDENTSThis assignment is in lieu of an Exam and contains one question which should be answered in full. Font is to be 12 point, line spacing is to be 1.5 lines and paragraph format is to be justified. The maximum length of this assignment is 2,500 words, excluding bibliography and appendices. The content is to be fully annotated and referenced. Presentation, layout, clarity and originality of thought and expression and writing style carry considerable weight at this academic level. It is expected that students will make full use of all available resources which are relevant to each element of the assignment.Please note that for this assignment late submissions may be penalised by the imposition of up to 2 percentage points per day on assignments submitted after the due date. The general regulations concerning coursework in the Department also apply. Please note the following particulars in respect of this assignment:1. All elements of the question in the Assignment should be answered.QUESTION 1What is and what is the purpose of the Habitats Directive? What is Appropriate Assessment? Outline and explain the steps/stages in the Appropriate Assessment process? Discuss, with reference to case law, whether mitigation measures be taken into account in the Appropriate Assessment process?