Hi, I am looking for someone to write an article on government in america Paper must be at least 1250 words. Please, no plagiarized work! Brown posits that amendments are a serious necessity in the United States constitution (The Birthright Question 106). Brown states that, “the 14th Amendment was passed by Congress on June 13, 1866 and finally ratified on July 9, 1868” (The Birthright Question 106). Hammerstrom expounds more on the 14th amendment, which gives equal rights to every citizen in the United States and completely abolished slavery (1). The historical and contemporary government development in the14th amendment is important to the American people and the government mandate is to protect and upheld the rights of the American people stated in the amendment. The thought of independence means guaranteed equal rights to every citizen in a country. Stock explicates that the meaning of independence was not as was expected to the American people because the people only experienced the concept of equal rights after the 1868 14th amendment (139). The 14th amendment passed by the congress was after a long controversy and heated debate. According to Brown, racism was very dominant in the United State between the white and the black people (The Birthright Question 106). The amendment reaffirms states and federal citizenship for all people irrespective of race whether born or have been naturalized in the United States.